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The definition of ISO14443
May 07, 2018

Part I: Physical Characteristics

1. Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 14443 specifies the physical characteristics of the proximity card (PICC). It applies to ID-1 type identification cards operating near the coupling device.

This part of ISO/IEC 14443 should be used in conjunction with the ongoing part of ISO/IEC 14443 that is being developed.

2. Standard reference

The provisions contained in the following standards are incorporated into this standard and constitute the provisions of this standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards will be revised, and parties using ISO/IEC 14443 should explore the possibility of using the following latest version standards. Members of ISO and IEC amend the record of current effective international standards.

ISO/IEC 7810:1995, Identification Cards - Physical Characteristics.

ISO/IEC 10373, Identification Cards - Test Methods.

3. Definitions, abbreviations and symbols

3.1 Definition

The following definitions apply to this part of ISO/IEC 14443:

3.1.1 Integrated Circuit(s)(IC):

Electronic devices used to perform processing and/or storage functions.

3.1.2 Contactless: Contactless:

Complete the signal exchange with the card and provide energy to the card without using micro-electric elements (ie, there is no direct path from the external interface device to the integrated circuit on the card).

3.1.3 Contactless integrated circuit(s) card:

The ID-1 type card (as specified in ISO/IEC 7810) has an integrated circuit on it, and communication with the integrated circuit is performed in a non-contact manner.

3.1.4 Proximity card (PICC)

The D-1 card has an integrated circuit and coupling tool on it, and the communication with the integrated circuit is accomplished by inductive coupling with a nearby coupling device.

3.1.5 Proximity coupling device (PCD)

A read/write device that uses inductive coupling to provide energy to neighboring cards and controls data exchange with neighboring cards.

4. Physical characteristics

4.1 General Features

The proximity card shall have the physical characteristics according to the specification of the ID-1 type card specified in ISO/IEC 7810.

4.2 Size

The nominal size of the adjacent card shall be the size of the ID-1 card specified in ISO/IEC 7810.

4.3 Additional features

4.3.1 Ultraviolet

This part of ISO/IEC 14443 excludes protection requirements for UV levels that are greater than the ultraviolet light in normal daylight at sea level, and protection beyond the surrounding UV level should be the responsibility of the card manufacturer.

4.3.2 X-rays

Exposure of 0.1Gy dose on either side of the card, equivalent to 100KV moderate energy X-rays (accumulated dose per year), should not cause card failure.

Note 1: This is equivalent to approximately two times the annual cumulative dose of the maximum exposure that a person can receive.

4.3.3 Dynamic bending stress

After testing according to the test method described in ISO/IEC 10373 (maximum deviation of short side and long side is hwA=20mm, hwB=10mm), the proximity card should be able to continue normal operation.

4.3.4 Dynamically distorted stress

After testing according to the test method described in ISO/IEC 10373 (15° rotation angle), the proximity card should be able to continue normal operation.

4.3.5 variable magnetic field

a) After exposure to the magnetic field within the mean value given in the table below, the proximity card should continue to operate normally.

F—frequency (MHz)

The maximum value of the magnetic field is limited to 30 times the average value.

b) After exposure in a magnetic field of 12 A/m, 13.56 MHz, the proximity card should be able to continue normal operation.

Frequency range (MHz) Average magnetic field strength (A/m) Average time (minutes)

0.3 - 3.01.636

3.0 - 304.98/f6

30-3000.1636

Frequency range (MHz) Average electric field strength (V/m) Average time (minutes)

0.3 - 3.0 0.6146

3.0——30 1842/f6

30-300 61.46

4.3.6 Variable Electric Field

After exposure within the average electric field given in the table below, the proximity card should continue to operate normally.

F—frequency (MHz)

The highest value of the electric field is limited to 30 times the average value.

4.3.7 Quiescent Current

After testing in accordance with the test method described in ISO/IEC 10373 (IEC1000-4-2:1995) (test voltage 6KV), the proximity card should continue to operate normally.

4.3.8 Static magnetic field

After exposure in a static magnetic field of 640 kA/m, the proximity card should continue to operate normally.

Warning: The data content on the magnetic stripe will be erased by such a magnetic field.

4.3.9 Operating temperature

In the ambient temperature range of 0°C to 50°C, the proximity card should work properly.

Appendix A (Appendix of Tips)

Standard compatibility and surface quality

A.1 Standard Compatibility

This standard does not exclude parts of the existing standards that involve PICCs. The limitations here are only to highlight the PICC.

A.2 Surface quality for printing

If there are special requirements for the PICC produced by printing, care should be taken to ensure that the surface quality of the printed area can be adapted to the printed technology or the printer used.

Appendix B (Appendix of Tips)

Other ISO/IEC card standard bibliography

ISO/IEC 7811-1:1995, Identification cards - Recording technology - Part 1: Embossing.

ISO/IEC 7811-2:1995, Identification cards - Recording techniques - Part 2: Magnetic stripe.

ISO/IEC 7811-3:1995, Identification cards - Recording technology - Part 3: Position of embossed characters on ID-1 cards.

ISO/IEC 7811-4:1995, Identification cards - Recording techniques - Part 4: Read-only tracks on ID-1 cards - Positions of tracks 1 and 2.

ISO/IEC 7811-5:1995, Identification Cards - Recording Techniques - Part 5: Positions for Tracks 3 on ID-1 Card Read-Write Tracks.

ISO/IEC 7811-6:1995, Identification cards - Recording techniques - Part 6: Magnetic stripe - High coercivity.

ISO/IEC 7812-1:1993, Identification Cards - Issuer Identification - Part 1: Encoding System.

ISO/IEC 7812-2:1993, Identification cards - Issuer identification - Part 2: Application and registration process.

ISO/IEC 7813:1995, Identification Cards - Financial Transaction Cards.

ISO/IEC 7816-1:1998, Identification Cards - Contact Integrated Circuit Cards - Part 1: Physical Characteristics.

ISO/IEC 7816-2:1998, Identification cards - Contact integrated circuit cards - Part 2: Size and location of contacts.

ISO/IEC 7816-3:1997, Identification cards - Contact integrated circuit cards - Part 3: Electrical signals and transmission protocols.

ISO/IEC 10536-1:1992, Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit cards - Part 1: Physical characteristics.

ISO/IEC 10536-2:1995, Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit cards - Part 2: Dimensions and locations of coupling areas.


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